The facade is the face of your house.
To perform these functions, veneer material must meet the following requirements:
- be resistant to temperature extremes and moisture;
- have a low thermal conductivity;
- be environmentally friendly;
- have a low degree of ignition;
- have a non-critical weight, creating a load on the foundation, not exceeding the allowable;
- maintain color when exposed to UV rays.
Large selection of facing materials
These characteristics must be considered in addition to the attractiveness of the material.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
TOP-6 types of facade cladding materials
A wide variety of materials with different sizes, origins, exterior texture and color shades makes it possible not to limit yourself to finishing the facade in any style. These include:1 facade decorative plaster; 2-facing brick; 3 artificial and natural stone; 4 ceramic granite; 5 siding; 6 panels of different materials.
Artificial and natural stone
What are they?return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
The plastered facade is most common, since this method of external decoration of the walls and their protection from climatic destruction is the simplest. For modern types of plaster for facades, include: mineral, silicone, silicate and acrylic plaster.
The most popular and simple finishing material is plaster.return to menu ↑
Made on cement with additives of polymers, crumb, improving elasticity, its adhesion.
The disadvantage of mineral plaster is color limitation, which can be fixed by covering the surface with silicate paint. It penetrates well into the surface structure of the plaster, giving it the desired shade, strengthening it.
Mineral plaster for facade finishingreturn to menu ↑
Silicate and Silicone
Also refer to the mineral form of plaster, silicate - is made on the basis of aqueous potassium glass with the addition of plasticizers, silicone - based on silicone resin.
Silicone plaster for finishing workreturn to menu ↑
As a binder component contains a fine - dispersed mixture of acrylic resin or other synthetic polymers. Plaster has good vapor permeability, therefore, contributes to the loss of steam condensation inside the building.
We give the surface of the facade relief
With the help of various additives to plaster, you can give a different texture to the surface of the facade walls, imitate the texture of various natural materials. For example, using mineral plaster, which has quartz or limestone components with a grain size of about 1 mm, you can get a surface with a sandstone textureThe textured effect contributes to the long service life of the plastered walls. A smooth surface is more vulnerable to cracking. The bold surface, the stronger it is. The lighter the shade, the more stable it is. Saturated shades quickly lose their brightness.
Interesting textures that look no less impressive.return to menu ↑
A classic type of facade decoration is facing brick. According to the technology, the types are:1Ceramic brick, produced in the form of bars made of clay with the addition of coloring pigments. It can have a smooth or embossed front surface, painted in different colors. Also products are hollow or solid. Products do not pass moisture, are resistant to color loss with time and mechanical damage.
Classic brick finish2 Clinker bricks made of special clay. Products after drying are subjected to firing at high temperature. Due to this, the density of clinker is high. It is resistant to moisture, frost, has enviable strength. The surface of products in the form of a rectangle, trapezium, with rounded corners, etc., can be smooth, sanded or embossed.
Clinker brick3Pressed brick, produced by pressing crushed mass of shell rock with a cement binder component, dyes, without the use of roasting. With this technology, maximum external similarity with natural stone is achieved, but unlike it, such a brick does not sufficiently retain heat.
Good heat retention and does not lose appearance
Facing the facade with a brick gives the building a respectable solid look. Walls acquire additional strength, extending the life of the supporting structures.
Different colors make it possible to apply it in the design of various styles of facades.
Clinker brick is convenient for finishing in different styles
The decoration of the facade facing brick can be done in different ways: in the horizontal, vertical arrangement of the elements, by alternating their orientation.
You can also use several variants of colors, most often used a combination of two colors: one is the main one, and the second is used to finish the facade elements: the perimeters of window openings or window pillars.
The combination of two colors for the main selection
Finishing brick can be combined with another lining, for example with decorative artificial stone.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Artificial and natural stone
For decoration of the facade used natural and artificial stone. Each of them has advantages. Natural stones look prestigious, giving the building a special energy.
The stone has many advantages over other types of finishes.
The most valuable, durable are marble with granite. In addition to them, dolomite, limestone, sandstone, shell rock, travertine and others are often used. Their use for full facade cladding is limited due to the price. These products are used for decorating window openings, entrance groups and other elements of buildings.
For a continuous wall cladding, they mainly use artificial stone, which successfully imitates natural materials and is much cheaper.
Perfectly imitates real stonereturn to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Porcelain tile for the facade
Porcelain tiles are one of the best for finishing. The range of porcelain tiles is huge. In the sale of many varieties of this material for color and texture attribute.
The rainbow surface of the product looks impressive. There are also materials with imitation of wood and natural stone. Like all materials of baked clay, porcelain tile is distinguished by its strength, moisture resistance, resistance to temperature extremes, fire. It does not change color with time.
Bright colors of stoneware tiles
Low hygroscopicity of the material is the reason for installing the tile on the ventilated frame. The surface of porcelain tiles can be:
- glossy (with a slight sheen);
- partially polished (with matte and shiny areas);
- structured (with a pattern, relief, imitation of the texture of natural materials).
Matt porcelain stoneware surface
The tile is produced mainly in two sizes 30x30 cm and 80x120 cm.For facade walls, it is better to use large-size ceramic tiles to avoid an ugly look from a large number of joint lines, to make them less noticeable.
Option when porcelain tiles look much better
If you want to visually enlarge the size of a building, use products with a polished surface to finish its facade.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Facade decoration siding
Perhaps the most common material for finishing the facade in recent times is siding. This is due to its affordability, a huge variety of appearance.
Facing WPC siding
By type of siding is:VinylMade of PVC with imitation of natural wood, natural stone, brick, many other types of decor. It is corrosion resistant, does not rot, is cheap. The disadvantage is the fragility of products, susceptibility to reflow;MetallicBased on aluminum or steel. It is distinguished by its strength, resistance to temperature extremes, but corrosion can form if the surface is damaged. In addition, this siding is quite expensive.
Metal siding is very resistantreturn to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Panels for facade decoration
Depending on the material used in the manufacture, there may be:
- Fiber cement;
- Sip panels;
Base panels for a beautiful finishreturn to menu ↑
Plastic cladding panels are often referred to as a type of siding, although this is not the case. Siding has a slatted shape and is made of PVC by extrusion, and plastic panels can have, besides a slatted and other, more complex shape, a relief texture, and they are made of polypropylene, which is much stronger than PVC.
Plastic panels under the tree
The composition of the PP is also modifying components that improve its technological characteristics. The appearance of plastic, due to uneven edges, often imitates brick or uneven brickwork. The docking of such elements is barely noticeable due to this form and hidden fastening system. Produce them in blocks containing several rows of elements.
Modern plastic sidingreturn to menu ↑
Plates made of concrete mixture with the addition of fiber, representing a mixture of fiberglass and cellulose, are called fiber cement. Due to such additives, concrete is given a porous structure, which reduces the specific weight of the material, making it flexible, resistant to deformation.
Get the plate by pressing the rolled to the desired thickness of the mixture, pre-cut into portions. Then a protective decorative coating is applied to the surface.
Fiber cement is a new generation
With the help of products they often imitate facing with stone or brick in different colors. Produced in various shades of yellow, beige, white, other colors. The disadvantage of products is a significant weight, which limits the use of such plates.return to menu ↑
Products made by the type of expanded polystyrene sandwich, located between the layers of fiberboard, are called CIP panels. This design gives ease of operation. It provides heat preservation.
Vulture panels are light and comfortable
Outside the surface is covered with a protective layer. Due to the possibility of painting in different colors using CIP panels, you can give the facade any design style. You can also buy ready-made with imitation texture of natural.return to menu ↑
The metal construction consists of two external rigid layers, as well as an internal heat-insulating material made of polystyrene foam or basalt mineral wool.
Metal panels - strong and durable
The outer sides consist of galvanized steel sheets coated with a polymeric protective layer. This coating can be made in a variety of colors, which allows you to expand the design possibilities of the facade of buildings.
Facing a sandwich panels not only warms the walls of the house, gives them strength, but makes them perfectly smooth or gives a certain waviness, depending on the exterior design.return to menu ↑
The design of composite products is a kind of sandwich panels. Additionally, it also includes a protective layer, a decorative coating. May have a different type of filler and coating.
Variants of bright and composite panels
Externally, they look like thin metal square or rectangular plates with a layer of heat insulator. The outer surface of the product has a paint coating, which can be of different colors. Elite versions of products have a laminated surface with an imitation of natural texture.
Have a multilayer structure
Different colors and textured performance allow you to use them for finishing any facade. The photo shows smooth monochromatic composite panels made of aluminum.return to menu ↑